عنوان مقاله [English]
This form of Persian poetry has a long history that has been able to move parallel to the Iranian talent throughout the history of Persian literature. Of course, after the formation of the New poem and after that Sepid poem, it was believed that Ghazal could no longer have anything to say. But this format is borrowed from New and White poetry and was able to resume a new life once again. The source of Ghazal is Taghazol (The first 5 to 15 verses of Qasida which are about the states of love, the description of the beloved or the description of nature) and Taghazol which was born in the Khorasani School, gradually improved over time; It was recognized by Sanai and became Ghazal in the true sense of the word, with Saadi, Hafez and Rumi. Undoubtedly, due to intellectual independence of thought and liberation from the shackles of certainty, a new process of word arrangement appeared in the poems, and Ghazal was no exception to this rule. Finally, by minimal Ghazal in Orianism School, far from being obligatory and speaking in riddles, the poet finally gave life to Ghazal with the help of brevity of words. By using library resources and a descriptive-analytical method, this article examines how Ghazal originated, how it transformed from the past to the present, and also examines its innovations in the School of Word Originality.