عنوان مقاله [English]
Constructivist sociology is one of the basic approaches in contemporary literary criticism. Structuralists such as Lukacs, Goldmann, Macherey, Althusser and Eagleton believe that the structure of literature is affected by the structure of society, so it affects the structure of society in the same proportion or more or less. In their opinion, every literary theory has a political character and is under the control of ideology. Structuralism examines the reflection of ideology and structures in the literary work and then shows the influence of the literary work in social changes. In this article, the structure of the qaside, nimaei and sepid forms is examined based on the opinions of constructivist sociologists. the purpose of this article is to explain the relationship between the structure of the qasideh, nimai and sepid forms with the structure of the society and its ruling ideology, and it has been concluded that the structure of these forms has been influenced by the structure of the society and its ruling ideology. According to the position of the rhyme, it can be said that the structure of the qasideh is consistent with the structure of the autocratic society, and the structure of the Nimai and Sepid formats is also compatible with liberalism.