عنوان مقاله [English]
In Western civilization, the genre of the novel has turned towards mythologism, which was previously often negated and concealed due to the ideological functions of myths. Even in its early stages, the return of myth to Western novels signifies an undeniable aspect. In this process of transformation and grand narrative, fundamental backgrounds and stirrings that have significantly influenced the intellectual transformation of Western civilization and served as the triggers for ancient myths and constructs are observed within the realm of the novel. Firstly, there is a clash between the essential nature and the negation of myths. Secondly, there is the distortion of narrating events and the attainment of self-centered perceptions. Thirdly, there is the inclination towards divinity over identity rupture and accepting resulting transformations. Fourthly, there is the pursuit of justice by opposing movements (such as feminist totality and radicalism) and efforts to reform the intellectual infrastructure of Western societies. Fifthly, there is the reconstruction of ancient myths and the retrieval of constructs. The sixth stirring involves abstract references combined with tangible perceptions. These hermeneutic stirrings unveil the Western response to contemporary historical realities. Along this path, adherence to self-reflexivity and the expressive role of ancient myths is also felt.